by Beth Kotz
If you’re used to living in a cramped apartment and paying rent to a landlord who never fixes anything, then you’ve probably dreamed about ending the tenant life and finding yourself a home to call your own. It doesn’t need to stop as a dream, nor does homeownership require extraordinary wealth. With some prioritizing, planning, research and smart money management, you can afford a down payment on a home.
Homeownership counseling helps new buyers understand what to expect in the home buying process, as well as identify how to budget and plan for things like closing costs, home repair and maintenance. You’ll also learn how to improve your credit and get a plan ready for your homeownership goal.
You can also check out online homebuyer education options to do the courses on your own timeline.
Determine How Much You Need
Determine your ideal monthly budget for your home payment and then begin to interview lenders about your loan options and programs that may work for your situation. As a first-time homebuyer, this may feel like a complicated process; don’t be afraid to speak up and ask for clarification whenever necessary.
There are many variables involved in what loans and programs you may be eligible for. You’ll want to look at the short and long term impacts of your home loan options.
Mind Your Spending
If you’re someone who spends money freely and doesn’t pay much attention to their bank account balance, it’s time to rethink those habits. Don’t let careless spending on food, trips to the bar and shopping chip away at your bank account. Look for ways to lower expenses, such as cutting back on non-essentials (Do you need ALL the cable? Are you really using that pricey gym membership?) and opting for the store brand products when shopping.
Don’t make any major purchases or take out additional lines of credit when you are also applying for a home loan. It may negatively impact your loan options.
Dig Into Your Loan Options
There are many low down payment loans available today. Plus, most loans can be paired with a grant or forgivable loan for your down payment, helping you save money and gain immediate equity.
From government-insured loans to bank programs for low-income borrowers, there are multiple mortgage vehicles you can use to get on track towards achieving your dreams of homeownership.
- Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loans can provide much-needed assistance to low-income borrowers and anyone with a less-than-stellar credit score. As a part of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, FHA insures the loan, opening mortgage approvals to many that would not otherwise qualify. FHA offers multiple financing options; its Fixed-Rate FHA mortgage and the Adjustable-Rate FHA mortgage being two of note. You can check your FHA eligibility here.
- Freddie Mac Home Possible and Fannie Mae Home Ready mortgage programs are another excellent alternative for anyone still paying rent on an apartment. Both offer more flexibility for qualifying homebuyers who cannot afford a large down payment. Examine the requirements of both to determine which will offer your family the clearest benefits.
- Veterans Affairs (VA) Loans help clear the way to homeownership for members of the military, veterans, reservists and National Guard members, as well as their spouses. VA home loans often come with less stringent credit requirements, and typically will not require a down payment or private mortgage insurance.
- USDA Loans are an often-overlooked option for homebuyers in rural areas, provided through their Rural Development loan program. There are conditions that much be met to obtain one of the USDA’s low interest, fixed-rate loans.
- Homeownership Programs can help you boost your own savings and get in a home sooner than you thought. There are more than 2,400 homebuyer programs available across the country that may help you save on your down payment or closing costs.
Sometimes doing everything you can to hold onto your money isn’t enough, as your job just doesn’t pay what you need to afford a down payment. Look into ways to earn extra money on the side, such as freelancing or driving. It doesn’t need to be a huge commitment, but a few extra hours of work a week dedicated to your goal can really add up.
Save, Save, Save
Make saving a habit, just like brushing your teeth. Put a portion of each week’s paycheck every week into a high-interest savings account. Don’t think of your money as something to spend, rather think of it as something to save and invest for the future.
Purchasing a home while still making rent each month is a demanding venture, but the reward is well worth the effort. Put your plan to paper: Where you would like to live? What you need in a home? What’s your ideal monthly mortgage payment?
Then, make a plan for your spending so that your dreams can come true. It will require some self-sacrifice and perhaps new levels of discipline, but with a little help along the way you can put the era of leases, landlords and rental apartments behind you.